Trademark offensive 2.0 – Full adoption of the EU trademark directive in January 2019
The first amendment to implement the EU Trademark Directive (see our Client Alert “Trademark Offensive 2017”) entered into force in September 2017. It created, among others, the possibility of splitting trademark applications and registrations, introduced the national certification mark and simplified formal requirements for changes to the register. Since 1 September 2018, the new calculation method for the term of protection has also been in force, whereby trademark protection ends ten years after the date of filing instead of at the end of the month of the trademark registration.
With the second amendment, the EU Trademark Directive will now be fully implemented in the Austrian MSchG. In addition to a new trademark definition, the amendment also fortifies the position of the trademark owner by introducing additional grounds for opposition and cancellation as well as a new prohibition right to prevent the transit of infringing goods through Austria.
The two amendments considerably strengthen Austrian trademark law and significantly increase national trademark protection; a development that reflects the ever-increasing importance of trademark and intellectual property law.
MODERNIZED TRADEMARK CONCEPT
The Union Trademark Regulation EU 2009/207 already abolished the requirement of graphic representability of a sign when applying for a Union trademark. However, from 14 January 2019, this requirement will also no longer apply to national applications. The amendment to the trademark concept of Section 1 MSchG shall facilitate the registration of new unconventional trademarks such as sound, motion and multimedia trademarks. Now, trademarks can be represented in any way as long as the desired protection of the owner is clearly identifiable.
In addition to the amendment of the concept of a trademark, the amendment lists out new grounds for absolute refusal. According to Section 4 MSchG, geographical indications, traditional terms for the protection of wines, signs for the protection of traditional specialties and plant variety rights which are protected under EU law or international conventions cannot be registered as trademarks.
PROTECTION AGAINST PRODUCT PIRACY
Until now it was possible for product pirates to transport infringing goods through the customs territory as long as they were not sold directly to consumers. With the implementation of the EU Trademark Directive, trademark owners will be able to prohibit the transit of infringing goods through Austrian federal territory in accordance with Section 10 para 2b item (2) MSchG if the goods and their packaging originate from third countries and contain a largely identical trademark which is used without the owner’s consent. However, this prohibition only covers products that are recognisable to customs authorities as ‘obviously infringing’.
CHANGES IN EXAMINATION PROCEDURE
The most striking changes can be found in the extension of the grounds for opposition and cancellation. According to new Section 29a para 1 MSchG an opposition can be based not only on identical or similar trademarks but also on nationally and internationally well-known trademarks or designations of origin and geographical indications. Likewise, an opposition may be based on several trademarks provided that they belong to the same proprietor. According to Section 29a para 1a MSchG, an opposition can also only be directed against a part of the list of goods and services of the challenged trademark.
In cancellation proceedings, the position of the trademark owner is strengthened to the effect that the proprietor of the earlier trademark shall furnish proof that his trademark has been put to genuine use during the five-year period preceding the date of the application for a declaration of invalidity (Sec. 30 (6) MSchG). With the implementation of the amendment it will also be possible to base a cancellation request on a mere trademark application; however, this will only be granted if the trademark is registered before the cancellation decision (Sec. 30 para 2a MSchG). There are also new relative grounds for cancellation. Among others, persons who are entitled to injunction claims against the use of the trademark under the Copyright Act (Sec. 32b MSchG) or the Design Protection Act (Sec. 32c MSchG) may also apply for cancellation of the trademark.
CHEAPER PROCEDURAL FEES OF THE PATENT OFFICE
In order to promote electronic procedural steps by means of e-government services, the online bonus already valid for national trademark applications will also be extended to patent, design and international trademark applications. This bonus is intended to serve as an incentive for electronic applications, which can be processed much more easily and quickly by the Patent Office. Furthermore, only one fee will be charged for several identical applications for changes of name or company name in the trademark register.
The fees for applications before the Nullity Division of the Patent Office will be significantly reduced. Fees for applications for cancellation of trademarks are reduced to EUR 550 instead of EUR 700. The reductions in procedural fees, which have so far been significantly higher than their European counterparts is intended to considerably ease access to the legal protection system.
NEW E-FILING SYSTEM OF THE AUSTRIAN PATENT OFFICE (APO)
From January 2019, the APO will offer a new system for online registration of national trade marks. This system will be similar to the EUIPO E-Filing system and will enable the filing of new types of trademarks.
Furthermore, the APO is working on a new E-Filing system for the registration of IR trademarks, which will also be available from January 2019. This system was developed in cooperation with WIPO and complements the currently available paper procedure by a simplified electronic application system.
WHEN DOES THE TRADEMARK AMENDMENT COME INTO FORCE?
The amendments to the Austrian Trademark Act (MSchG) were published in BGBl I No. 91/2018 and entered into force on 14 January 2019.